WAEC Geography Past Questions and Answers – Objective/Theory in PDF

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Geography 1 – Objective Test Questions
Geography 2 – Essay or Theory, Geography 3 – Practical

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WAEC-Geography-Objective-Questions

WAEC Geography Objective Questions

GEOGRAPHY 1
Objective Test
1 hour
[50 marks]

Study the map of DAMBO DISTRICT on page 3 and use it to answer questions 1 to 10

1. The scale of the map in Representative Fraction (RF) is
A. 1 : 200,000.
B. 1 : 150,000.
C. 1 : 50,000.
D. 1 : 10,000.

2. What is the approximate distance between the settlements of DAMBO and Hume by road?
A. 10 km.
B. 15 km.
C. 20 km.
D. 30 km.

3. Line A — B in the mapped area can best be described as
A. convex slope.
B. uniform slope.
C. dip slope.
D. concave slope.

4. The southeastern comer of the mapped area is
A. poorly drained.
B. a plantation.
C. a lake.
D. an ocean.

5. The highest point of the mapped area is found in the
A. southwest.
B. southeast.
C. northeast.
D. northwest.

6. The most popular means of transportation in die mapped area is
A. river.
B. footpath.
C. air.
D. road.

7. The distance between DAMBO and Ogoh as the crow flies is approximately
A. 5.0 km.
B. 10.0 km.
C. 20.0 km.
D. 26.0 km.

8. The bearing of Ilo from Hume is about
A. 330°.
B. 210°.
C. 145°.
D. 35°.

9. All the following are man-made features found on the mapped area except
A. dams.
B. bridges.
C. roads.
D. settlements.

10. The direction of DAMBO from Hume is
A. northeast.
B. southeast.
C. southwest,
D. northwest.

Use the climatic data of Station X below to answer questions 11 to 14.

Station X

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temperature (°C)162022232528283027262321
Rainfall (mm)625056891801891401632282308341

11. Which month in the station has the highest rainfall?
A. January
B. October
C. July
D. September

12. What is the annual rainfall for Station X?
A. 1511 mm
B. 1504 mm
C. 1254 mm
D. 1160 mm

13. Calculate the range of temperature for the station.
A. 2°C
B. 5°C
C 12°C
D. 14°C

14. Which of the following statements is true about rainfall in Station X?
A. The rainfall duration is six months
B. The station has a double maxima rainfall
C. Rain mainly falls in winter
D. The rainfall in the station is uniformly distributed over the months

15. The rock which has the capacity to retain underground water is
A. impermeable.
B. crystalline.
C. compact.
D. permeable.

Map Reading in Geography WAEC

WASSCE Geography-WAEC-Map-Reading

16. The temperature reading at the peak of a volcano is 6 °C. What will be the temperature at the foot of the volcano which is 3000 metres from the surrounding lowland?
A. 5.5 °C
B. 13.5 °C
C. 25.5 °C
D. 35.5 °C

17. The sun is overhead at the Tropic of Capricorn on
A. March 21.
B. December 22.
C. September 23.
D. June 21.

18. Which of the following is a depositional feature of an arid region?
A. Barchan
B. Zeugen
C. Rock Pedestal
D. Yardang

19. Which drainage pattern is best established in the areas of alternate hard and soft rocks?
A. Trellis
B. Centripetal
C. Radial
D. Annular

20. The time at the Greenwich Meridian is 10:00 a.m. What would the time at 30° E be?
A. 8.00 a.m.
B. 8.00 p.m.
C. 12.00 am.
D. 12.00 p.m.

21. Which of the following pairs of landforms are of desert origin?
A. Yardangs and batholiths
B. Sandbars and tombolos
C. Zeugens and inselbergs
D. Barchans and tombolos

22. On March 21 each year, all towns in the Southern hemisphere experience.
A. complete daylight for 14 hours.
B. partial darkness.
C. equal lengths of day and night.
D. longer period of twilight.

23. Which of the following wave actions is a process of erosion?
A. Traction
B. Hydraulic
C. Saltation
D. Suspension

Free Copy: Objective Questions No. 23-50 Removed

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WAEC Questions on Human Geography

PAPER 2.

2 hours
[80 marks]

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

Answer four questions in all. Candidates in Nigeria are to answer two questions each from section A and B while candidates in Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and The Gambia are to answer at least one question from each of section A, B and C. All questions carry equal

WAEC Geography Theory Question

SECTION A.
FOR ALL CANDIDATES

Candidates in Ghana. Liberia Sierra Leone and The Gambia are to answer at least one question from this section while candidates in Nigeria are to answer two questions from this section

1. The Table X below contains information on population of four districts of country Z in the year 2016
Use the information to answer the questions which follow.

a. Calculate the:
i. total population of Country Z:
ii. total land area of Country Z:
iii. population density of Country Z.

b. State four factors which are responsible for high population density of countries. [8 marks]
c. Explain three advantages associated with countries of high population density. [6 marks]

2.a. i. Define settlement. [2 marks]
ii. Name two types of urban settlement classified according to population size. [2 marks]
b. In what five ways are urban settlements dependent on rural settlements? [10 marks]
c. Outline three functions of urban settlements. [6 marks]

3a. What is tourism? [2 marks]
b. Outline five factors that favour the development of tourism. [10 marks]
c. Highlight four problems created by the tourism industry in developing countries. [8 marks]

WASSCE Geography Past Questions Nigeria

SECTION B
FOR CANDIDATES IN NIGERIA
Answer two questions from this section.

4a. Draw a sketch map of Nigeria. [1 mark]
On the map locate and name;
(i) the Kainji dam: [2 marks]
(ii) Lake Chad; [2 marks]
(iii) Ibadan [1 mark]

b. Highlight three factors that impede the development of solar energy in Nigeria. [6 marks]

c. Explain four problems created by the construction of the Kainji dam in Nigeria.[8 marks]

Free Copy: Section B, Essay Questions No. 05-06 Removed

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WASSCE Geo Past Questions Ghana

FOR CANDIDATES IN GHANA
Answer at least one question from this section

4.a. Draw a sketch map of Ghana. [1 mark]
On the map, locate show and name:
i. Bui dam; [2 marks]
ii. Volta lake; [2 marks]
iii. Kpong. [1 mark]

b. Highlight three factors that impede the development of solar energy in Ghana. [6 marks]

c. Explain four problems created by the construction of the Akosombo dam in Ghana.[8 marks]

Free Copy: For Candidate in Ghana, Essay Questions No. 05-06 Removed

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