Nigeria Police Force – Their Functions or Duties

Finance & Administration
Logistics & Supply
Research and Planning
Information & Communication
Force Secretary
Force Intelligence Bureau

Read Also. Nigeria Army Corps Functions or Duties

Nigeria Police Force – Department of Administration and Finance

This is the highest administrative organ of the Nigeria Police responsible for the finance and administration of the Nigeria Police Force. It is headed by DIG S.L. GAMBO,  psc, fdc, NPM.
The primary functions of Department of Finance and Administration are as follows:
i. General Administration of the NPF;
 ii. Administration of Policies and procedures relating to NPF finance;
iii. Policy formulation and implementation;
iv. Covering of the NPF tenders Board;
v. Police Insurance Welfare Scheme;
vi. Periodic review of all NPF standing orders;
vii. Overseeing the National Housing Scheme, as it relates to the NPF;
viii. Enforcement of discipline among members of the NPF; and
ix. Designing and implementing NPF Policy/Programmes on Welfare.The Department has the following sections to actualise its function:

1. Central Administration This section functions as the hub of administrative activities of the NPF. The section liaise with all other Units of Department of Finance and Administration for accomplishment of the overall objectives of the department.
2. Force Provost Marshal The Force Provost Department was established in November, 1986. It is directly responsible to DIG Department of Finance and Administration. A Commissioner of Police, who is designated as the Force Provost Marshal, heads the section. The section is responsible for maintaining discipline in the Force.
3. Police Public Relations Office (PPRO) This department is charged with Public Relations duties for the Nigeria Police. By its nature , the office launders the image of the Force, monitors, manages and disseminates information concernig the Force; and forms a liaison between the Force and the public whom the Police have a duty to protect

4. Budget and Finance The Budget Section is the financial arm of the Force. It has other sub-sections namely, Pensions, Mechanized Salary Section (MSS), Pay office and National Housing Fund. The Budget Section facilitates contact between the Force and the Ministry of Police Affairs, Budget office of the Federation, Federal Ministry of Finance and Central Bank of Nigeria in the implementation of monetary policies of Federal Government as it affects the Force.
5. NPF Insurance The Nigeria Police Welfare Insurance Scheme to provide Insurance cover for officers and men of the Nigeria Police. The programme is designed to compensate members of the Force who might have suffered accident, injury and death in the course of their official duty.
6. Nigeria Police Medical Services The Section was established in 1975 with the primary function of rendering health care services to serving members of the Force, retirees of the Force, their immediate families, detainees in Police cells and civillians workinng in the establishment. The Police Medical Service also render health care services to the general public in cases of emergency such as road traffic accidents, robbery victims, flood, fire disasters etc.
7. Police Printing Press The Police printing Press was established in 1965 to produce books and stationary for official use in the Force throughout the Federation.
8. Police Band The Police Band performs its statutory duties by performing at ceremonial parades, state/public functions as well as private engagements, thereby furthering the good relationship between the Force and the public.
9. Airport Police Command
10. Sports Unit
11. Railway Police Command
12. Port Authority Police Command

Nigeria Police Force – Department of Operations

The Department of Operations is central to all Police operational activities in Nigeria especially in the areas of crime prevention and maintenance of law and order.
It is headed by DIG JOSHAK HABILA, psc
Planning  and organising internal security measures and monitoring their execution Direction and co-ordination of NPF Policies and crime prevention Formation of NPF Policies on traffic control and management; Reviewing and formulating policies on tactical operations schemes of crime control and preventions; Planning and coordinating of joint operation with Military, etc; Formulating Policies for the control and management of incidents such as civil disturbances, riots, disasters, elections, suppression of insurrection and trade union dispute. Utilisation of Force animals for crime prevention and Formation and implementation of policies on anti-terrorism.

The Department has the following sections to actualise its mandates:
  1. Department of Operations Administration
    It is include directing, supervising and coordinating of the sections in the department and are made up of:
    a.  Secret Registry
    b.  Confidential Registry
    c.  Open Registry

    These arms of the section ensure that all the force orders, directives and regulations are fully adhere to.
  2. Department of Federal Operations
  3. Force Veterinary Section
  4. Border Patrol Section
  5. Police Mobile Force
  6. Explosive Ordinace Disposal Unit
  7. Force Police Airwing
  8. Force Dog Section
  9. Force Mounted Troop
  10. Force Armaments Section
  11. Counter-Terrorism Unit (CTU)
  12. Force Transport Section
  13. Directorate of Peacekeeping Operations
  14. National Inland Waterways
  15. Central Motor Registry (CMR)
  16. Force Marine Section
  17. Special Protection Unit (SPU)
  18. INEC Liason Unit.

Nigeria Police Force – Department of Logistics and Supply

he Department of Logistics And Supply is a mix of technical business and adminnistrative concerns of the entire Nigeria Police. The department is headed by DIG MAIGARI ABBATI DIKKO fdc, psc
The department comprises of other sections under it namely:
1. Force Quarter-Master
2. Administration
3. Cooperative
4. Procurement
5. Works
6. Housing
7. Board of Survey and  Enquiry

Nigeria Police Force – Department of Logistics and Supply

The Department of Logistics And Supply is a mix of technical business and adminnistrative concerns of the entire Nigeria Police. The department is headed by DIG MAIGARI ABBATI DIKKO fdc, psc
The department comprises of other sections under it namely:
1. Force Quarter-Master
2. Administration
3. Cooperative
4. Procurement
5. Works
6. Housing
7. Board of Survey and  Enquiry

Nigeria Police Force – Criminal Investigation and Intelligence Department

The Nigeria Police Force Criminal Investigation and Intelligence Department (FCIID) is the highest investigating arm of the Nigeria Police. 
Its functions include investigation and prosecution of serious and complex criminal cases within and outside the country. The department also coordinates crime investigations/prosecution throughout the force. For effective and efficient administration , the NPF CID is divided into sections with most of them headed by Commissioner of Police. The Department is headed by DIG HYACINTH DAGALA MEDGU psc, fdc
The Sections are:
1.  Administration;
2. Ant-Fraud Section;
3. The Central Criminal Registry (CCR);
4. Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS);
5. Special Enquiry Bureau
6. X-Squad;
7. General Investigation;
8. Special Fraud Unit (SFU)
9. Legal Section;
10. Forensic Science;
11. Interpol;
12.  Homicide;
13. Anti-Human Trafficking Unit;
14. CIB/SIB Force CID Annex Kaduna.

Nigeria Police Force – Department of Training And Development

Department of Training And Development is one of the seven departments in the Nigeria Police Force. It plans for and coordinates all the activities to meet the training needs of the Force. The department coordinates the recruitment process of the force; staff and manpower development; training and retraining of officers and men of the Force. It is specifically saddled with the task of formulating and implementing policies on training and manpower development to keep the force in alignment with the dynamic nature of the society. Through its activities, the department works assiduously to ensure that the force executes its cardinal responsibilities of protection of life and property as well as the preservation of peace and order in the society. A Deputy Inspector-General of Police (DIG),  DIG EMMANUEL TOM INYANG psc,(+), mni   who is responsible to the Inspector-General of Police (IGP), heads the department.
1.2. In view of the importance attached to training in the Nigeria Police Force, especially on standard and uniformity, the department is not replicated like other departments at the zonal and state command levels. Therefore, it coordinates all activities of the force with regards to training and manpower development from the Force Headquarters, Abuja. At this level, it operates three sections headed by Commissioners of Police. The sections are:-
i) Administration
ii) Training &
iii) Inspectorate
1.3.The Department carries out her training functions through the following institutions:
a. Police Staff College, Jos
b. Police Academy, Kano
c. Police College, Ikeja
d. Police College, Kaduna
e. Police College, Maiduguri
f. Police College, Oji-River
g. Police Detective College, Enugu
h. Police College of Information Technology, Abeokuta
i. Police Mobile Training School, Gwoza
j. Police Mobile Training School, Ila-orangun
k. Mounted/Dog Training Schools, Jos
l. Traffic Training School, Ikeja
m. Police School of Music, Ikeja
n. Police School of Communication, Ikeja & Kaduna
o. Police School of Anti-Terrorism, Nonwa-Tai
p. Police Training School, Sokoto
q. Police Training School, Bauchi
r. Police Training School, Minna
s. Police Training School, Jos
t. Police Training School, Nonwa Tai
u. Police Training School, Ibadan
v. Police Training School, Benin City
w. Police Training School, Oyin Akoko
x. Police Training School, Makurdi
y. Police Training School, Iperu
z. Police Training School, Calabar
aa. Police Training School, Ilorin
ab. Police Training School, Ikeja

Nigeria Police Force – Department of Research And Planning

Department of Research and Planning was established in 1975 to ensure standards and uniformity in the delivery of policing service in Nigeria. The department was specifically set up to provide research and analytical services such as monitoring and evaluation function to support mordern police operations and public safety practices. It is also resposible for identifying law enforcement issues and conducting timely policy research, evaluation, follow-up training and technical assistance on those issues that will provide information and direction to police personnel, police leaders and the community.
The department is headed by DIG VALENTINE NTOMCHUKWU
Introduction: Department of Research and Planning was established in 1975 to ensure standards and uniformity in the delivery of policing service in Nigeria. The department was specifically set up to provide research and analytical services such as monitoring and evaluation function to support mordern police operations and public safety practices. It is also resposible for identifying law enforcement issues and conducting timely policy research, evaluation, follow-up training and technical assistance on those issues that will provide information and direction to police personnel, police leaders and the community.
With the 1986 Police re-organisation, the department was re-named ‘’Management Service Department’’ (MSD) under the Directorate of Finance and Administration.
The new MSD had the following sections:-
(a) Administration
(b) Planning and Research
(c) Management Information
(d) Organisation and Method
(e) Library and Archives.
In 1996, another re-organisation of the Police witnessed the return of the Department of Research and Planning charged with the same responsibility as its predecessors.
The presidential committee on reform of the Nigeria Police Force in 2008 did not recommend any change in name or nomenclature of the departments, rather it affirmed that all the headquarters departments should remain but their focus should be on driving the police reform process forward.

However, on 16th March, 2012 the Info – Tech unit which hitherto was an integral part of the department was removed to form an idependent deparment. To effectively perform its strategic roles and responsibilities, the new Department of Research and Planning was realigned into four (4) sections as follows:
(1) Administration, Audit and Inspection
(2) Management Services
(3) Community Policing and Strategy
(4) Servicom
 In order to key into Inspector-General of Police mission and vision to move the Nigeria Police Force, the roles of each section which are inter-related have been restructured and re defined for better service delivery as follow:

The Administrative section is the pivotal fulcrum and engine room which energises and co-ordinate the units which make up the department of Research and Planning to conduct its external and internal activities for efficient and effective service delivery. The administrative and supervisory function undertaken by this section include but not limited to:

 Apart from Administrative function, the section is  responsible for Audit and Inspection. For many years now, it has been observed that Police Formations, Commands and Divisions have not been subjected to any form of inspection apart from monetary exhibit inspections carried out by the Ministry of Finance auditors.

 Inspection undertaken by the department helps to safeguard standards and ensure uniformity in police operations. Periodically, Team of Inspectors, headed by CP visit Police Divisions, Stations, Units, Area Commands etc, where records, personnel posted on duties, working materials and even environment under which Police operates are inspected to ascertain their level of conformity with policy, effectiveness and efficiency. Reports are submitted at the end of such Inspections with comments to correct observed anomalies. It is the responsibility of the AIGs in the zones to make sure that such periodic inspections are conducted at both zonal and command levels.

More often than not, Police men have run foul of the law, due to either excessive use of police power for selfish interest or display of lack of knowledge of the law. Where police does not loose personnel, there is financial cost or wastage arising from Garnishee order. Noncompliance with Force orders and other administrative instructions, can also be costly to Police. In order to remove or reduce avoidable noncompliance actions and consequential cost implications, the Department of Research and Planning monitors and assess the extent to which police duties are conducted according to the law, force administrative instruction and compliance with IGP directives. To achieve this, the department periodically call for returns which are painstakingly scrutinised before being passed for comments, before being sent to all formations, departments, sections, and commands to warn against such mistakes.

 Where ever and whenever considered necessary, in order to assess the degree of readiness, vigilance and competency of service personnel, the department conducts spot checks at all levels of Police operations. The department as a matter of routine do inspection and audit of weapons, ammunitions and police property in Commands and Formations custody. To a large extent, this enables police to avoid unnecessary wastage and non-compliance with force orders. The Department thereafter advices on when to replenish stock, effect repairs or possible change of items that may be considered obsolete etc. The approach here is periodic, scheduled/ un-scheduled but sustained visits to Commands and Formations.

By checking records and returns from commands, formations, Divisions etc. the department identifies and acknowledges service where standard are up-held and recommend such standard to be adopted and as a good practice for the force.

The Research and Development section of department of Research and Planning is responsible for collecting, analysing and processing statistical data from commands on vital police functions which are used in policy development for the Nigeria Police Force.

(i) Collation of Statistics.
This is achieved by requesting and receiving statistical information on crime, accident, police personnel, traffic violations, human right violation, domestic violence etc, from commands such information are equally stored and made available for force management and other users.

(ii) Preparation of the Nigeria Police Annual Report.
The annual report which is a document that presents the activities and performance of Police, ways in which the Nigeria Police Force is developing to meet the challenges, demands and changes facing it is prepared by and published by Department of Research and Planning. The research and development section ensures that all command and formations are reflected in the Annual Report to enable the true position of affairs of the police is reflected. This is essential for policy development as the report reflect on the past, present and the future for organisational growth.

(iii) Periodic Research into problem affecting the force and proffer possible solutions.
Occasionally the department of Research and Planning, where possible in partnership with academic researchers explore the origin, causes and probable solution to the challenges of the force and other social problems affecting the organisation. Some of such problems crop up accidently or as a result of transformation in the society in which they perform their duty. This is critically analysed before policy statement is issued.

(iv) Maintenance of a rich and reliable Data Bank of the Force vital statistical information.
This section maintains a rich and reliable data bank of the force vital statistical information which can be retrieved for use at any time on demand without distortion. The purpose of this is to assist the management in accurate planning and formulating policy development that can stand the test of time. Moreover, it prepares statistical presentations and information on various management services, issues as requested by the Inspector-General of Police.

(v) Conducting Workshops and Seminars Periodically, workshops and seminars are conducted for personnel of the force to update their skills on research, data collection and analysis. Such officers are deployed to commands where they are expected to carry out expedient research and forward result to Force Headquarters for policy development. Their proximity to Division, Stations, and to the public is normally of immense advantage.
(vi) Drawing action plan for Police leadership. After a careful research, the section is usually in a better position do draw up action plan which forms basis of policy development for the police force.

The Nigeria Police Force introduced community policing in March, 2002, in partnership with British Council Department for International Development (DFID) which finance ‘’access to justice programme’’. Quite a number of officers have been trained under the programme in the UK and USA since its inception.
The section has the responsibility for the following:

(i) Create awareness and educate the public and the Police about the principle and values of community policing.
In order to familiarise the public and the Police with this new concept, the section was assigned the responsibility to carry out lots of sensitisation in different forms all over the federation. To achieve this, policemen who have been trained as community Policing Officers were posted to state commands with the mission of sensitising and demonstrating the concept as well as pointing out the benefit to the communities and the people. So far, there has been appreciable acceptance of the principles by policemen, organisation and individuals.
The community policing officers on ground have also been monitoring progress and gains achieved. It is also their duty to prevent deviations. At the Force Headquarters level, we have been carrying out periodic assessment of the activities of the community policing officers and progress of the principle from one state to another. Unfortunately nothing tangible is coming out from the zones. It is therefore the duty of the zonal AIGs to encourage the officers and men to propagates the concept

(ii) Facilitate the training of change agen-ts, supports and guide them in the work
 Pursuant to (i) above, the section within the limited resources available facilitate the training of change agents called Community Police Developers (CPDs) support and guide them in their work to ensure skill uniformity and professionalism. The DFID J4 has been of tremendous help in this area.

(iii) Monitor and evaluate the implementation and development of community policing
 This is the aspect of implementation, monitoring and evaluating the development of the programme to ensure continuity and non- deviation from the set objectives.

(iv) Encourage the Development of Partnerships between the Police and the Community
 The Community Policing officers in collaboration with PCRC workout areas of co-operation with the community to find ways by which police could serve them better and above all interface in the area of crime control. Therefore lectures and advice are offered to vigilantes in the communities so that they could operate within the ambit of the Law and still successfully control crime in their communities.

 (v) Develop and produce relevant guides, law book and manual on Community Policing.
The section Develop and produce relevant guides, handbook and manuals on Community Policing to ensure wider publicity for the programme. (vi) Facilitate the development of intelligence led policing structures and practices in all police formations.
Currently the Department of Research and Planning in conjunction with the DFID is preparing to organise a training workshop for policemen on intelligence led policing in Abuja. The idea is to prepare the mindset of the personnel of the Force for proactive policing.

Servicom, an acronym of the words service compact is an administrative tool to drive the Federal Government’s service delivery initiative that will ensure quality service. In this regard, the section performs the following functions:

 (i) Establish and maintain SERVICOM desks at all police commands and formations by having officers trained in Servicom and deployed to the field. They are to treat issues related to service failure on the part of police formations handling Criminal cases etc.

(ii) Draw up the NPF Charter, implement it and make periodic review of same to meet contemporary issues. A chatter is formal written statement describing the rights and responsibilities of a state and its citizens.

(iii) Organise periodic training and workshop to keep officers current at all times of the customer relations/grievance redress mechanism.

(iv) Investigate complaints from members of the public on service failure and make appropriate recommendations. Where any member of the public is not satisfied with police performance in the area of investigation, or any service not well delivered, and such complaint is brought the police authority, it behoves on the officer in-charge of Servicom when such issue is referred to him to investigate and make appropriate recommendation that will within the ambit of the Law assuage the feelings of such members of the public.

(v) Maintain routine inspection of SERVICOM desks of the force to ensure that they remain functional and productive all the time.

Nigeria Police Force – Department of Information and Communication Technology(ICT)

As it is known globally technology plays significant role in modern law enforcement to enhance efficiency and effectiveness of the agencies. Thus, it is imperative for modern law enforcement agency to have the capability to manage electronic databases and communication systems as global crime has become more sophisticated.
The department is headed by DIG FOLUSO A. ADEBANJO, mni
•  Force Communication;
•  INFOTECH Section from ‘F’ Department;
•  Police Computer College, Abeokuta, ‘F’ Department;
•  Communications Training Schools in Kaduna & Ikeja;
•  Police Biometric Central Motor Registry (BCMR) from ‘B’ Department
•  Automatic Fingerprint Identification System  from  ‘D’ Department
•  Tracking & Intercepting Device Unit from ‘D’ Department
•  To develop an ICT Policy for the Nigeria Police Force in line with National ICT Policies such  policies on procurement, use and maintenance of ICT equipment
•  To develop and empower the Nigeria Police personnel with ICT skills for  operation efficiency and improved service delivery
•  To provide tools that will help accomplish efficient modern policing.
•  To introduce ICT innovative solutions centered on strategic policing that will facilitate public participation in the policing
•  To develop technological driven Citizen and Law Enforcement Analysis and Reporting (CLEAR) program, that is designed within the context of police-community-partnership for efficient and effective law enforcement
•  To provide and maintain a system for data collection, input analysis and necessary output
•  To provide and maintain security for all levels of access and privilege to information systems and technology in all Police formation
•  To ensure that Nigeria Police acquire the best ICT equipment that complies with global law enforcement standards
•  To evolve law enforcement technological solutions that will set pace for other security agencies globally
•  To periodically conduct ICT related need assessment and advise the Force accordingly
•  Provision of universal platform for Information Communication Technology (ICT) for the force
•  Assessing Information Communications Technology needs of end users/field officers (System Analysis);
•  Management and administration of Nigeria Police electronic information systems/databases/servers;
•  Deployment  and Maintenance of Local area Network (LAN), Metropolitan Area Network (MAN), Wide Area Network (WAN) both Intranet and Internet connectivity(cable, wireless radio, satellite and optic fibre technologies) in all Police Formations nationwide;
•  To assess and recommend bandwidth requirements for the Force,  and efficiently administer its usage;
•  To develop and maintain  effective personnel record with the use of ICT;
•  Maintenance and repairs of Nigeria Police  information /communications equipment;
•  Ensuring the integrity, security and Management of Police through the use of ICT;
•  Liaise closely with service providers/equipment  vendors for proper and effective implementation of ICT related project ;
•  To manage and maintain the Automatic Fingerprint Identification System for the Force;
•  To manage and maintain the tracking and interception system for the Police
•  Field support to end-users (Patrol officers, administrators, strike force etc)
•  Troubleshooting;
•  Creates and manages Help-Desk for ICT related matters within the Force;
•  To  ensure adequate representation of the Force in any ICT related forum  locally and internationally;
•  To manage the Nigeria Police ICT institutions within the country;
•  To organize and coordinate ICT related skill acquisition programmes for the Force;

Nigeria Police Force – Force Secretary

AIG ABDUL BUBE is currently in charge of this section, The Force Secretary shall be directly responsible to the Inspector General of Police and his duties will be as follows: (i) The general supervision and co-ordination of the activities and the drawing up of policy matters for the force. (ii) Appointment to senior police officer rank in the force; (iii) Promotion of senior police officers; (iv) Posting and deployment of senior police officers; (v) Discipline of senior police officers (vi) Processing of matters of retirements and certificate of service of senior police officers; (vii) Custody of personal records and files of senior police officers; (viii) Implementation of policies and decisions of police council meetings as directed by Inspector General of Police; (ix) Liaison with police Affairs Department on department on matters affecting senior police officers; (x) Career planning for senior police officers; (xi) Liason with Police Service Commision on matters of senior police officers; (xii) General inter-ministerial matters affecting senior police officers; (xiii) Approval of leave of senior police officers in the office of the Force Secretary; and (xiv) Any other assignment assigned to him by the Inspector General of Police.

Nigeria Police Force – Force Intelligence Bureau (FIB)

FIB is the apex of intelligence gathering in the Force. It is the only arm of the Force that provides Intelligence on Crime and National Security 
Its Functions are:
1. Collection, collation, assessment/evaluation and dissemination of Criminal Intelligence affecting the activities of criminals with particular reference to organized crimes.
2. To serve as a think-tank or reservoir for information on identification of criminals, exchange of information, keeping of criminal records.
3. Identify criminal syndicates carrying out criminal activities using gangster techniques.
4. Disseminate criminal intelligence to various police formations on a continuous basis.
5. Maintain surveillance on organized gangs, Identify members, associates, daily activities and method of operation.
6. Maintain a system of criminal intelligence on itinerant hardened criminals who specializes in cross border banditry


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